B.A. Human Rights

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Bachelor of Arts in Human Rights is an undergraduate Human Rights course. It defines the fundamental rights that humans have by the fact of being human, and that is neither created nor can be abrogated by any government. These are supported by several international conventions and treaties (such as the United Nation's Universal Declaration of Human rights in 1948), these include cultural, economic, and political rights, such as right to life, liberty, education and equality before law, and right of association, belief, free speech, information, religion, movement, and nationality. Regarding the duration of this course it is three years. Human Rights refer to rights and fundamental freedoms which are entitled to all human beings, often held to include the human rights to life and human rights to liberty, human rights to freedom of thought and human rights to expression, and human rights to equality before the law. The duration of the course is three years and after its successful passing they have many career options in various fields including further higher education.

How is B.A. in Human Rights Course Beneficial?

  • Human rights have become one of the indicators for measuring good governance, development and democracy across the systems and governments in the contemporary world. Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, caste, class, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status.
  • We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. Theoretical Perspective of Human Rights has covered the four aspects such as claim, power, privilege and immunity enjoyable by all by virtue of their status as human being. The Declaration contains a number of rights enshrined within its thirty articles including the rights to life, liberty, equality, security and property etc for survival and development of human race.
  • Students with B.A. in Human Rights degree can go for teaching fields i.e. post graduation in Human Rights.


  • Candidates who have cleared their 10+2 or its equivalent exam in any humanities subjects can go for this graduate degree course.

B.A. Human Rights Syllabus

Syllabus of Human Rights as prescribed by various Universities and Colleges.

Sem. I (Human Rights and Duties in India I)

Sr. No.

Subjects of Study


Concept of Human Rights: Meaning, Definition and Nature and Scope of Human Rights


Theories of Rights: Natural, Liberal, Marxist and Social Theory


Constitutional Perspective: Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and their Co-relation


Constitutional Mechanism for Enforcement of Human Rights: Legislative, Executive and Judiciary

Sem. II (Human Rights and Duties in India II)


Human Rights Movements in India: National Freedom Movement, Dalit and Women’s Movement


Societal and Political Problems of Human Rights in India: Violence against Women and Children, Terrorism and Regionalism


Statutory Mechanism for Enforcement of Human Rights in India: National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and State Human Rights Commissions (SHRCs) – Evolution, Composition and their Roles


Statutory Mechanism for Enforcement of Human Rights in India: National Commission and Committees for SCs/STs, Minorities’ Commission, Women’ Commission – Consumer Rights and Courts

Sem. III (Societal Issues of Human Rights in India I)


Concepts and Approaches: Concept of Societal Problems and Human Rights


Theoretical approaches to Social problems and Social Changes


Social Problems: Causes and Types: Problems of Hierarchy. Problems of Minorities, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes; Population Explosion; Problems of Aged and Disabled; and Problems of Women


Problems of Working Classes: Definition and Classification of working class; Status and exploitation of working class: (i) Casual Worker’s (ii) Bonded Labour (iii) Agriculture Labour (iv) Migrant Workers (v) Child Labour (vi) Unorganized Labour

Sem. IV (Societal Issues of Human Rights in India II)


Human Rights and Criminal Justice System: Criminal Justice System and Prosecution of Human Rights


Offence involving Human Rights; and Rights of Accrued, Rights of Inmates of Persons and Custodial Homes


Administration of Criminal Justice and Reforms: Administration of Criminal Justice. Ordinary Courts, Special Courts, District Human Rights Courts


Rights to Legal Aid, Punishments and Human Rights; and Reforms in Police and Jails

Sem. V (Environment and Human Rights and Duties I)


Environment: Meaning; and Concern for Environment


Historical Perspective; and Pollution and its effects on environment and life on earth


Environment Threats to India: Forest Denudation; and Pollution of Rivers


Indiscriminate Industrial Explosion; Depletion of Rare Species; and Bio-Diversity

Sem. VI (Environment and Human Rights and Duties II)


Rights to clean environment: Its Content and Scope; Right to Environment v/s Right to Development; and Culprits and Victims


Globalization of the Right: The Planet Earth and Global Commons


Issue of Environmental Protection in Developing Countries: Inter-Generational Equity; Preservation of Natural Resources; Poverty, Illiteracy and environment; and City Dwellers and Villagers


National Regime of Environment Protection: Constitutional Rights and Duties; and Statutory Rights and Duties


B.A. Human Rights Colleges

  • Annamalai University, Cuddalore
  • Loreto College, Kolkata
  • Ramakrishna Sarada Mission Vivekananda Vidyabhavan, Kolkata

B.A. Human Rights Course Suitability

  • Those who are desirous of liberty, participation in political life, civil and political in nature, and serve to protect the individual from excesses of the state can go for it.
  • Those who want to serve the society by becoming social activist and want to search social issues are also good suit for it.
  • Students of this course are required good communication skills as they have to deal with different types of persons both during their study and career.

Job Types

  • Coordinator - Human Rights Advocacy Programme
  • Senior Manager - Human Resources
  • Coordinator - Prison Reforms Programme
  • Associate Manager - Human Resources
  • Human Resource Trainee
  • Chief Human Resources Officer
  • Executive - Human Resources (Generalist)
  • Payroll Officer - Human Resource
  • Consultant - Human Resources

Advance Course in B.A. Human Rights

  • M.A. (Human Rights)

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