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Meteorologists use a variety of scientific techniques to understand, interpret, observe and predict the earth's atmosphere and its phenomena.

Meteorologists study the earth’s atmosphere – particularly climate and weather – in order to forecast weather conditions.

The main duties of meteorologists include:

  • recording and analysing data from worldwide weather stations, satellites, radars and remote sensors

  • interpreting observations from the land, sea and upper atmosphere

  • providing customers (such as civil aviation companies, broadcast companies and military units) with weather reports/forecasts

  • employing mathematical and physical formulae and using computer modelling applications to help make long and short range weather predictions

  • researching and predicting climate change

  • helping to improve weather prediction models

  • writing research papers, reports, reviews and summaries

  • keeping up to date with relevant scientific and technical developments


Qualifications and training required


You can only become a meteorologist if you have a good degree (a 2.1 or higher) in an appropriate subject such as meteorology, mathematics, physical sciences, computer science or environmental science. A relevant postgraduate qualification (a PhD or research-based MSc) is also beneficial, and may be necessary for research positions.


Key skills for meteorologists


  • Analytical skills

  • Genuine interest in weather systems

  • Teamworking skills

  • Interpersonal skills

  • Written and oral communication skills

  • Problem solving skills

  • Computer literacy

  • Mathematical abilities


Typical employers of meteorologists


  • The Met Office

  • BBC

  • Environmental consultancies

  • Research centres

  • The armed forces


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What are the basic skills needed for Meteorologist?

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